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Neo-Babylonian Empire at time of Nebuchadnezzar - Room 55

Objects in this room come from the Babylonian Empire during the time of Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon (604-562 BC) , around the time of the fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC and the exile of Judah.

The first king of the neo-Babylonian empire was Nabopolassar (625-605 BC), father of Nebuchadnezzar. Nebuchadnezzar was followed by two weaker kings. After them Nabonidus (555 - 539 BC) seized the throne. His son was the Belshazzar of Belshazzar’s feast (Dan 5).

Inscribed Brick of Nebuchadnezzar (WA 90081) - (4 of 13)

Following the defeat of the Assyrian Empire by the Babylonians in 612 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II rebuilt the city of Babylon on a grand scale. It has been estimated that 15 million baked bricks were used in the construction of official buildings, all inscribed with the name of Nebuchadnezzar The bricks are usually square and bear cuneiform inscriptions, generally made with a stamp.

The inscription is as follows:
“Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who cares for Esagila (the temple to Marduk) and Ezida (the temple of Nabu - god of writing), son of Napopolassar, king of Babylon”.