Two Phoenician merchants bringing gifts to Ashurnasirpal II. One is wearing Phoenician dress: a turban, long shirt, cloak over the shoulder and up-turned boots, cracking his thumbs showing submission to the king. The other is in Syrian dress: a bun of hair, a shorter shirt and holding two monkeys as gifts. This panel came from a wall of the courtyard leading to the throne room.
The Hebrews were not a maritime people, so they shared in the maritime enterprises of the Phoenicians, who were the greatest sailors. They had a treaty with Hiram who provided craftsmen and materials for the temple (1 Kg 5:12).