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The story of Balaam and Balak (Num 22-24)

Unknown author

Balaam and Balak

The purpose of the account is to describe how God turned a curse into a blessing (Deut 23:5, Neh 13:2), by triumphing over a bad situation and turning it into good. Yahweh emerged as the victor over the pagan gods, and demonstrated that the occult has no power over the people of God.

Background of the nations and people involved

The Moabites

Balak was the king of the Moabites. Some scholars believe that he may have been related to the Midians. The Moabites were the descendants of Lot through the incest which his daughters committed with him (Gen 18:37).


The Midianites were the descendants of Abraham through one of his sons, Midian, from his wife Keturah (Gen 25:1-2). They were a nomadic people whose geographical boundaries are hard to determine. Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, was a Midianite (Ex 18:1). In this story, some of them lived in the area near Moab as well as south of Edom. At times they migrated as far away as Mesopotamia.


The Edomites were the descendants of Esau, the twin brother of Jacob.


Balaam came from Pethor on the Euphrates in Mesopotamia (Num 22:5, Deut 23:5). It was a 600 km (400 mile) journey each way from Moab to Mesopotamia. The Midianites wandering in Mesopotamia may have been the ones who had told Balak about Balaam.

The Deir Alla Inscription from the ninth or eighth century BC, discovered in Western Jordan in 1967, and now held in the Jordan Archaeological Museum is about a prophet named Balaam son of Peor.

The setting of the scene

Balak had heard rumours about Israel. He had probably heard about their miraculous deliverance out of Egypt and more recently their battles and victories over Sihon and Og (Num 21).

Balak was afraid of the Israelites, but the sad thing is that he did not need to be afraid of them for the Lord told the Israelites, “Do not harass or contend with Moab in battle, for I will not give any of their land for a possession” (Deut 2:9).

Out of fear, Balak formed a coalition with the elders of Midian and their kings. They decided to attack Israel, not physically, but spiritually, by attempting to put a curse on them (22:4-6). They sent an embassy made up of the elders of Moab and Midian. They departed with fees for divination and went to get Balaam.

Balaam the soothsayer

Balaam’s name means ‘devourer’, or ‘swallower-up’. His father's name, Beor, means ‘destroyer’, or ‘burner’. These names may have been given at birth, or as is sometimes done in the culture, they were given a name which illustrated their character.

Some have suggested that Balaam came from a family of soothsayers. Balaam is called a soothsayer, who practised divination, not a prophet (Josh 13:22). These are two different Hebrew words and the word ‘soothsayer’ is never used in connection with true prophets of God. The Lord said that soothsaying and the things of this sort are an abomination to Him, and that because of these abominations, God used Israel to drive out the nations (Deut 18:10-14).

In the area of Mesopotamia divination flourished. Kings hired soothsayers and they were to tell the kings what their next move was to be in battle. Balak said of Balaam, “I know that he whom you bless is blessed and he whom you curse is cursed” (Num 22:6). Balaam had demonic supernatural power and pronounced effective demonic curses, showing his evil nature. What he practised was an abomination and Balaam is continually condemned in Scripture. He is condemned as loving gain from wrongdoing, the way of Balaam is greed and his teachings are condemned (2 Peter 2:15, Jude 11, Rev 2:14 and Neh 13:2).

Magic and soothsaying in Balaam’s time

A magician or soothsayer was thought to have irresistible power with the gods. This power was in him or it came from his incantations. It was considered that soothsayers could influence the gods, and regulate the will of the gods. This is opposite to what God does in miracles, where the power only comes from God. There are examples of divination in the Bible, including Pharaoh’s magicians (Ex 6-11), Laban (Gen 30:27), and Pharaoh’s cup, which may have been used for water divination (Gen 44:5).

Soothsaying was also an attempt to gain secret knowledge by interpreting signs or omens. The gods were induced to impart knowledge, even through the sacrifice of children by burning. Soothsayers sacrificed animals and looked at their entrails, especially the liver. They observed unnatural behaviour of animals like the donkey, and the flight of birds as omens. Divination was also done by water, fire, plates and rods.

Soothsayers also believed that they could get their god to transfer his blessing from one nation to another. It may be that Balaam thought he could persuade God to transfer his covenant blessing away from Israel. Balaam may have been trying to manipulate God and control God’s will as to who he blesses and curses. “And he sent and invited Balaam the son of Beor to curse you, but I would not listen to Balaam; therefore he blessed you; so I delivered you out of his hand”. (Josh 24:9). “Because they (the Moabites) hired against you Balaam to curse you. Nevertheless, the Lord your God would not harken to Balaam but the Lord your God turned the curse into a blessing for you because the Lord your God loved you” (Deut 23:4).

The confrontation: heathenism vs God

Balaam did not deny that Yahweh had power, or that Yahweh was the God of the Israelites. Balaam may have even called on Yahweh. But for Balaam, Yahweh was just another god to be used, and Balaam’s motive was power and money. What Balaam did not believe, and the truth that he strongly opposed, was that God is the only true God and that all the rest were idols. Thus he was a heathen, much like Simon Magus and the Sons of Sceva and Simon Magus (Acts 8:9-24, 19:4).

When the Israelites came into battle against the other nations, the other nations knew that Yahweh was powerful and that he was the God of the Israelites, but they did not believe that Yahweh was more powerful than their gods, nor did they believe that Yahweh was the only true God. They understood warfare as a battle between their god and Yahweh, and even though Israel had defeated others, they were confident that their god was more powerful than the God of the Hebrews.

If Balak had understood that God was the only true God, that all others were idols, and that God was all powerful, he would never have put his trust in Balaam. What Balak is accrediting to Balaam should only be accredited to Yahweh, “He whom you bless is blessed and he whom you curse is cursed” (Num 22:6).

Balaam and Balak did not understand that God’s covenant blessing was irrevocable and impervious to magic or hostile contradiction. When Balaam spoke of Yahweh as his he is not speaking of a faith relationship with God. For Balaam, Yahweh is just another god, over whom he must try to gain influence in order to turn him from his purposes concerning Israel. If Balaam had succeeded in doing this then he would have reached his goal of being ‘The Most Powerful Magician’.

The series of events

The elders came to Balaam with fees for divination (22:7). Balaam accepted these fees (Neh 13:2, Jude 11, Deut 23:5), showing that his problem was greed and that he had been hired for money. Balaam’s time for decision came the first night the men stayed with him, when he sought God (Yahweh) (22:8). God came to Balaam and spoke to him. It may have been a new experience for Balaam, because he usually sought his gods through omens and here God spoke to him directly. God actually speaks, he does not reveal himself through omens and auguries.

God told Balaam not to go with them. He was not to curse the people, because they are blessed (22:12). Balaam only reported the first statement from God. He suppressed the last two statements which revealed the real hopelessness of the situation and the powerlessness of man to control God.

Balaam said, “God has refused to let me go with you” (22:13). This implied to the elders that God might give him leave in the future. It would encourage them to hope for better results in the future. Was Balaam trying to get more money by leading them on, or did he really believe, as was the nature of the pagan gods, that he could persuade God to change his mind.

As one would suspect, Balak did send a larger and more prestigious embassy. They came to Balaam with great promises of honour. “For I will surely do you great honour, and whatever you say to me I will do” (22:15-17). Balaam replied that he cannot go beyond the command of the Lord God. Balaam probably did not understand that God meant what he had said, and that he would not change his mind. Here Balaam was enticed by money and honour and probably swayed by the pressure of the elders.

Balaam went again to see if he could persuade God to change his mind, which was the normal practice of the soothsayers. They believed that they had the power to work upon the will of the gods will to get them to change or do what they wanted them to do.

This time God came and said, “If the men have come to call you, rise go with them; but only what I bid you, that shall you do” (22:20). Balaam probably interpreted this as his ability to con trol God and have sway over him. He probably thought that God changed his mind. Balaam probably believed that he had accomplished the work of a soothsayer and regulated God’s will. He probably was full of pride, thinking of what great power he had as a soothsayer. He thought he was controlling God, but God had a way of showing who is in control.

But God’s anger was kindled as he went with the princes of Moab (22:22). God was angry, probably not because Balaam went with the princes, but because of the attitude and spirit in which he went - to get financial reward. Balaam thought he was on good terms with God. He had persuaded God to change his mind about going. Balaam also was probably planning to pronounce the curse that God had forbidden, because he thought that he could sway God. He was going with an attitude of arrogance and pride.

Therefore God met him to show him his total ignorance of God’s ways and alienation from God. Balaam, your donkey has more spiritual perception and awareness of me than you (22:23).

The three encounters with the angel may be illustrations of God’s dealing with Balaam. In each instance the Lord narrowed down the space that he gave him, until finally he did not allow him any more room, showing Balaam who was really in control. As God narrowed down the space he gave with the angel, he gave him “no power to turn either to the right or left” (22:26), so he restricted what Balaam could do.

After this, God came forth to withstand him (22:32). God said to Balaam that his way was perverse before him, and God said he would have killed him if his animal had not turned aside. Balaam thought that he was in control of God and on good terms with him. These thoughts were perverse and Balaam’s plan to curse God’s people was perverse to God.

God put Balaam in a tight place. Balaam did not understand what God had said to him, because he said, “if it is displeasing to you, I will return home” (Num 22:34). God had only just said that the way was perverse. And yet he still questions by asking, "if?", showing his stubbornness. Thus God said, go but you will only be able to say what I permit (22:35).

When Balaam met Balak (22:38) he said to Balak, I have come but it will not do you any good because I have no power to say anything but the word God puts in my mouth. Here is the triumph of God over the soothsayer’s magic. God turned the curse into a blessing (Deut 23:5, Neh 13:2).

The oracles of Balaam

When Balaam came to Moab he met Balak at the capital city. From there they went to Bamoth-Baal from which they could overlook the camp of the Israelites and see the outskirts, or nearest part of the camp. Balaam did not go to look for omens, signs in nature to determine God’s will (Num 24:1), so it can be assumed that on the first two occasions he did go to seek omens, but instead of revealing himself through divination, God put a word in his mouth (23:4-5).

First oracle (23:7-10)

In his first oracle, the main thing is that Israel is said to be separate from the world and righteous. The discourse is in the form of poetry and each thought is in four lines with the last two lines illuminating the first two lines.

Second oracle (23:18-24)

The blessing that Balaam pronounced upset Balak, so he took him to another place where he can see the Israelites. This time he took him to Pisgah, which is the place where Moses viewed the promised land before his death, where they could see the promised land. In this discourse, God puts a word in Balaam’s mouth and he said, “God is not a man, that he should lie” (23:19). However, God does not lie. God is a Covenant keeper and he will not go back on his word, and, “God is not a man that he should repent”. No human manipulation will make God change his mind. The Lord said that there is no enchantment against Israel and no divination against Israel (22:23). In other words your magic and witchcraft will not work against God’s people. In fact these things are not even to be in the midst of God’s people.

Third oracle (24:3-9)

The third time Balak took Balaam to behold the whole camp of Israel as they camped in their specific formation. Perhaps Balak thought if Balaam saw how many there were he would decide to curse them. This time Balaam did not go to look for omens, but the spirit of the Lord came upon him and he spoke of the blessing of God on Israel and her defeating her enemies. Finally the real truth about blessings and curses came out and the Lord said again as he said to Abraham and Jacob, concerning his people, “Blessed be every one who blesses you and cursed be every one who curses you” (v9). God even gave them an opportunity to be blessed by blessing God’s people.

Fourth oracle (24:15-24)

In the final discourse Balaam foretold the destruction of Moab, Edom, the Amalekites and finally the Assyrians. In this passage is also a prediction about Jesus, “A star shall come forth out of Jacob and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel” (v17).

Balaam’s counterattack

Balaam was not permitted by God to curse the people of God but his advice (Num 31:16) led to corruption in the Israelite camp. Balaam’s counterattack was to corrupt a people that he could not curse. If he could not defeat them with outside force then he tried to demoralise them from within. If he could not curse them then he led them into sin so that God will have to chasten them, so that they will be stripped of their blessing.

The Bible has nothing good to say about Balaam

“No Ammonite or Moabite shall be admitted to the assembly of the LORD. Even to the tenth generation, none of their descendants shall be admitted to the assembly of the LORD, because they did not meet you with food and water on your journey out of Egypt, and because they hired against you Balaam son of Beor, from Pethor in Mesopotamia, to curse you. Yet the LORD your God refused to heed Balaam; the LORD your God turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the LORD your God loved you.” (Deut 23:3-5).

“Then King Balak, son of Zippor of Moab, set out to fight against Israel. He sent and invited Balaam son of Beor to curse you, but I would not listen to Balaam; therefore he blessed you; so I rescued you out of his hand" (Jos 24:9-10).

“O my people, remember now what King Balak of Moab devised, what Balaam son of Beor answered him” (Micah 6:5).

“On that day they read from the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and in it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God, because they did not meet the Israelites with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them - yet our God turned the curse into a blessing (Neh 13:1-2, quoting Deut 23:3-5).

“Along with the rest of those they put to death, the Israelites also put to the sword Balaam son of Peor, who practiced divination” (Josh 13:22).

In his message to the church in Pergamum, Jesus declared, “But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the people of Israel, so they would eat food sacrificed to idols and practice fornication” (Rev 2:14).

Describing the false teachers, Jude likens them to Balaam, “Yet in the same way these dreamers also defile the flesh, reject authority, and slander the glorious ones” (Jude 8). “Woe to them, for they follow the way of Cain, and abandon themselves to Balaam’s error for the sake of gain, and perish in Korah’s rebellion” (Jude 11).

Peter also describes the false teachers as being like Balaam, “They have left the straight road and have gone astray, following the road of Balaam son of Bosor, who loved the wages of doing wrong, but was rebuked for his own transgression; a speechless donkey spoke with a human voice and restrained the prophet’s madness” (2 Pet 2:15).

The Bible

Pages which look at issues relevant to the whole Bible, such as the Canon of Scripture, as well as doctrinal and theological issues. There are also pages about the Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha and 'lost books' of the Old Testament.

Also included are lists of the quotations of the OT in the NT, and passages of the OT quoted in the NT.

Why These 66 Books?
Books in the Hebrew Scriptures
Quotations in NT From OT
OT Passages Quoted in NT
History of the English Bible
Twelve Books of the Apocrypha
The Pseudepigrapha - False Writings
Lost Books Referenced in OT

Old Testament Overview

This is a series of six pages which give a historical overview through the Old Testament and the inter-testamental period, showing where each OT book fits into the history of Israel.

OT 1: Creation and Patriarchs
OT 2: Exodus and Wilderness
OT 3: Conquest and Monarchy
OT 4: Divided kingdom and Exile
OT 5: Return from Exile
OT 6: 400 Silent Years

New Testament Overview

This is a series of five pages which give a historical overview through the New Testament, focusing on the Ministry of Jesus, Paul's missionary journeys, and the later first century. Again, it shows where each book of the NT fits into the history of the first century.

NT 1: Life and Ministry of Jesus
NT 2: Birth of the Church
NT 3: Paul's Missionary Journeys
NT 4: Paul's Imprisonment
NT 5: John and Later NT

Introductions to Old Testament Books

This is an almost complete collection of introductions to each of the books in the Old Testament. Each contains information about the authorship, date, historical setting and main themes of the book.

Genesis Exodus Leviticus
Numbers Deuteronomy

Joshua Judges Ruth
1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings Chronicles
Ezra & Nehemiah Esther

Job Psalms Proverbs

Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations
Ezekiel Daniel

Hosea Joel Amos
Obadiah Jonah Micah
Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah
Haggai Zechariah Malachi

Introductions to New Testament Books

This is a collection of introductions to each of the 27 books in the New Testament. Each contains information about the authorship, date, historical setting and main themes of the book.

Matthew's Gospel Mark's Gospel Luke's Gospel
John's Gospel

Book of Acts

Romans 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians
Galatians Ephesians Philippians
Colossians 1 & 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy
2 Timothy Titus Philemon

Hebrews James 1 Peter
2 Peter 1 John 2 & 3 John


Old Testament History

Information about the different nations surrounding Israel, and other articles concerning Old Testament history and the inter-testamental period.

Canaanite Religion
Israel's Enemies During the Conquest
Syria / Aram
The Assyrian Empire
Babylon and its History
The Persian Empire
The Greek Empire
The 400 Silent Years
The Ptolemies and Seleucids
Antiochus IV - Epiphanes

Old Testament Studies

A series of articles covering more general topics for OT studies. These include a list of the people named in the OT and confirmed by archaeology. There are also pages to convert the different units of measure in the OT, such as the talent, cubit and ephah into modern units.

More theological topics include warfare in the ancient world, the Holy Spirit in the OT, and types of Jesus in the OT.

OT People Confirmed by Archaeology
The Jewish Calendar
The Importance of Paradox
Talent Converter (weights)
Cubit Converter (lengths)
OT People Search
Ephah Converter (volumes)
Holy War in the Ancient World
The Holy Spirit in the OT
Types of Jesus in the OT

Studies in the Pentateuch (Gen - Deut)

A series of articles covering studies in the five books of Moses. Studies in the Book of Genesis look at the historical nature of the early chapters of Genesis, the Tower of Babel and the Table of the Nations.

There are also pages about covenants, the sacrifices and offerings, the Jewish festivals and the tabernacle, as well as the issue of tithing.

Are chapters 1-11 of Genesis historical?
Chronology of the Flood
Genealogies of the Patriarchs
Table of the Nations (Gen 10)
Tower of Babel (Gen 11:1-9)

Authorship of the Pentateuch
Chronology of the Wilderness Years
Names of God in the OT
Covenants in the OT
The Ten Commandments
The Tabernacle and its Theology
Sacrifices and Offerings
The Jewish Festivals
Balaam and Balak
Highlights from Deuteronomy
Overview of Deuteronomy

Studies in the Old Testament History Books (Josh - Esther)

Articles containing studies and helpful information for the history books. These include a list of the dates of the kings of Israel and Judah, a summary of the kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and studies of Solomon, Jeroboam and Josiah.

There are also pages describing some of the historical events of the period, including the Syro-Ephraimite War, and the Assyrian invasion of Judah in 701 BC.

Dates of the Kings of Judah and Israel
King Solomon
The Kings of Israel
King Jeroboam I of Israel
The Syro-Ephraimite War (735 BC)
Sennacherib's Invasion of Judah (701 BC)
King Josiah of Judah
Differences Between Kings and Chronicles
Chronology of the post-exilic period

Studies in the Old Testament Prophets (Is - Mal)

Articles containing studies and helpful information for the OT prophets. These include a page looking at the way the prophets look ahead into their future, a page looking at the question of whether Satan is a fallen angel, and a page studying the seventy weeks of Daniel.

There are also a series of pages giving a commentary through the text of two of the books:
Isaiah (13 pages) and Daniel (10 pages).

Prophets and the Future
The Call of Jeremiah (Jer 1)
The Fall of Satan? (Is 14, Ezek 28)
Daniel Commentary (10 pages)
Isaiah Commentary (13 pages)
Formation of the Book of Jeremiah

Daniel's Seventy Weeks (Dan 9:24-27)

New Testament Studies

A series of articles covering more general topics for NT studies. These include a list of the people in the NT confirmed by archaeology.

More theological topics include the Kingdom of God and the Coming of Christ.

NT People Confirmed by Archaeology
The Kingdom of God / Heaven
Parousia (Coming of Christ)
The Importance of Paradox

Studies in the Four Gospels (Matt - John)

A series of articles covering various studies in the four gospels. These include a list of the unique passages in each of the Synoptic Gospels and helpful information about the parables and how to interpret them.

Some articles look at the life and ministry of Jesus, including his genealogy, birth narratives, transfiguration, the triumphal entry into Jerusalem, and the seating arrangements at the Last Supper.

More theological topics include the teaching about the Holy Spirit as the Paraclete and whether John the Baptist fulfilled the predictions of the coming of Elijah.

Unique Passages in the Synoptic Gospels
The SynopticProblem
Genealogy of Jesus (Matt 1)
Birth Narratives of Jesus
Understanding the Parables
Peter's Confession and the Transfiguration
Was John the Baptist Elijah?
The Triumphal Entry
The Olivet Discourse (Mark 13)
Important themes in John's Gospel
John's Gospel Prologue (John 1)
Jesus Fulfilling Jewish Festivals
Reclining at Table at the Last Supper
The Holy Spirit as the Paraclete

Studies in the Book of Acts and the New Testament Letters

A series of articles covering various studies in the Book of Acts and the Letters, including Paul's letters. These include a page studying the messages given by the apostles in the Book of Acts, and the information about the financial collection that Paul made during his third missionary journey. More theological topics include Paul's teaching on Jesus as the last Adam, and descriptions of the church such as the body of Christ and the temple, as well as a look at redemption and the issue of fallen angels.

There are a series of pages giving a commentary through the text of five of the books:
Romans (7 pages), 1 Corinthians (7 pages), Galatians (3 pages), Philemon (1 page) and Hebrews (7 pages)

Apostolic Messages in the Book of Acts
Paul and His Apostleship
Collection for the Saints
The Church Described as a Temple
Church as the Body of Christ
Jesus as the Last Adam
Food Offered to Idols
Paul's Teaching on Headcoverings
Who are the Fallen Angels
The Meaning of Redemption
What is the Church?
Paul and the Greek Games

Romans Commentary (7 pages)

1 Corinthians Commentary (7 pages)

Galatians Commentary (3 pages)

Philemon Commentary (1 page)

Hebrews Commentary (7 pages)

Studies in the Book of Revelation

Articles containing studies and helpful information for the study of the Book of Revelation and topics concerning Eschatology (the study of end-times).

These include a description of the structure of the book, a comparison and contrast between the good and evil characters in the book and a list of the many allusions to the OT. For the seven churches, there is a page which gives links to their location on Google maps.

There is a page studying the important theme of Jesus as the Lamb, which forms the central theological truth of the book. There are pages looking at the major views of the Millennium, as well as the rapture and tribulation, as well as a list of dates of the second coming that have been mistakenly predicted through history.

There is also a series of ten pages giving a detailed commentry through the text of the Book of Revelation.

Introduction to the Book of Revelation
Characters Introduced in the Book
Structure of Revelation
List of Allusions to OT
The Description of Jesus as the Lamb
Virtual Seven Churches of Revelation
The Nero Redivius Myth
The Millennium (1000 years)
The Rapture and the Tribulation
Different Approaches to Revelation
Predicted Dates of the Second Coming

Revelation Commentary (10 pages)

How to do Inductive Bible Study

These are a series of pages giving practical help showing how to study the Bible inductively, by asking a series of simple questions. There are lists of observation and interpretation questions, as well as information about the structure and historical background of biblical books, as well as a list of the different types of figures of speech used in the Bible. There is also a page giving helpful tips on how to apply the Scriptures personally.

How to Study the Bible Inductively
I. The Inductive Study Method
II. Observation Questions
III. Interpretation Questions
IV. Structure of Books
V. Determining the Historical background
VI. Identifying Figures of Speech
VII. Personal Application
VIII. Text Layout

Types of Literature in the Bible

These are a series of pages giving practical help showing how to study each of the different types of book in the Bible by appreciating the type of literature being used. These include historical narrative, law, wisdom, prophets, Gospels, Acts, letters and Revelation.

It is most important that when reading the Bible we are taking note of the type of literature we are reading. Each type needs to be considered and interpreted differently as they have different purposes.

How to Understand OT Narratives
How to Understand OT Law
Hebrew Poetry
OT Wisdom Literature
Understanding the OT Prophets
The Four Gospels
The Parables of Jesus
The Book of Acts
How to Understand the NT Letters
Studying End Times (Eschatology)
The Book of Revelation

Geography and Archaeology

These are a series of pages giving geographical and archaeological information relevant to the study of the Bible. There is a page where you can search for a particular geographical location and locate it on Google maps, as well as viewing photographs on other sites.

There are also pages with photographs from Ephesus and Corinth.

Search for Geographical Locations
Major Archaeological Sites in Israel
Archaeological Sites in Assyria, Babylon and Persia
Virtual Paul's Missionary Journeys
Virtual Seven Churches of Revelation
Photos of the City of Corinth
Photos of the City of Ephesus

Biblical Archaeology in Museums around the world

A page with a facility to search for artifacts held in museums around the world which have a connection with the Bible. These give information about each artifact, as well as links to the museum's collection website where available showing high resolution photographs of the artifact.

There is also page of photographs from the Israel Museum in Jerusalem of important artifacts.

Search Museums for Biblical Archaeology
Israel Museum Photos

Difficult Theological and Ethical Questions

These are a series of pages looking at some of the more difficult questions of Christian theology, including war, suffering, disappointment and what happens to those who have never heard the Gospel.

Christian Ethics
Never Heard the Gospel
Is there Ever a Just War?
Why Does God Allow Suffering
Handling Disappointment

How to Preach

These are a series of pages giving a practical step-by-step explanation of the process of preparing a message for preaching, and how to lead a small group Bible study.

What is Preaching?
I. Two Approaches to Preaching
II. Study a Passage for Preaching
III. Creating a Message Outline
IV. Making Preaching Relevant
V. Presentation and Public Speaking
VI. Preaching Feedback and Critique
Leading a Small Group Bible Study

Information for SBS staff members

Two pages particularly relevant for people serving as staff on the School of Biblical Studies (SBS) in YWAM. One gives helpful instruction about how to prepare to teach on a book in the SBS. The other gives a list of recommended topics which can be taught about for each book of the Bible.

Teaching on SBS Book Topics for SBS