To provide a flat area to build the temple, a large area on the top of Mount Moriah, measuring almost 300m (1000ft) square, was cleared and levelled. In places the rock surface was cut away, and a large area was built up with rubble supported by columns and enclosed by a wall of massive stone blocks (1m by 5m) (3ft x 16ft). These were the stones whose great size so impressed the disciples (Mk 13:1).
Some of this wall still remains today and is revered by the Jews as the Wailing Wall. At the south-eastern corner, above the Kidron Valley, the court was about 45m (150ft) above the rock.