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Are Genesis Chapters 1 - 11 History?

Julian Spriggs M.A.

Related articles

How to interpret OT Narratives Introduction to Genesis
Are chapters 1 to 11 of Genesis historical? Long lives of the patriarchs
Chronology of the flood (Gen 7-8)
Table of the Nations (Gen 10) The Tower of Babel (Gen 11)
Names of God in the Old Testament Covenants in the Old Testament

History or myth?

The early chapters of the Book of Genesis are frequently dismissed as being myths or fables, with no historical basis. People including Adam, Abel, Enoch and Noah, and events such as the flood included in these chapters are considered to be merely fictional with some spiritual meaning. However, through the rest of the Bible all these are regularly referred to as being completely historical. They are treated no differently to the other events and personalities in the Old Testament. The only significant event not mentioned later in the Bible is the tower of Babel and the scattering of the nations.

Creation in six days

In the Ten Commandments, the establishment of the Sabbath is based on the fact that God created the world in six days and rested on the seventh. “Remember the Sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labour and do all your work. But the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work ... For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and consecrated it.” (Ex 20:8-11).

God repeated the Sabbath law following the instructions for the building of the tabernacle. “It (the Sabbath) is a sign forever between me and the people of Israel that in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed” (Ex 31:12-17). The two tablets of stone listing the ten commandments were written with the finger of God (31:18). If the finger of God wrote the Ten Commandments, including creation in six days, we need to be very cautious about dismissing this as fictitious.

There is much debate and argument about whether the days of creation were literal 24 hour days, or whether they each represent vast periods of time. Hebrew experts say that it is very difficult to justify 'Yom', the Hebrew word for day, to be anything other than 24 hours, or the daylight period within a 24 hour day. The six days of the working week and the Sabbath are obviously 24 hour physical days. It would be illogical for these to be based on anything other than a 24 hour day of creation.

The establishment of the Sabbath, based on the six days of creation, gives the world-wide structure of a seven day week. Other units of time measurement, such as the day, month and year are all based on the movement of astronomical bodes, such as the sun, earth and moon. Apart from the phases of the moon, there is no astronomical reason for the universal seven day week.

Adam and Eve

An important part of Paul’s argument in the Book of Romans is that the death of Jesus reversed the sin of Adam. Adam is described as, “a type of the one who was to come” (Rom 5:14). An Old Testament type is any person, event or object which was real and physical in its time, but which points towards some aspect of the life and work of Jesus. So for Adam to be a type of Jesus, he had to be a real person, not merely a myth or legend. For more information about types, please see the Types of Jesus page.

If Adam was only a mythical figure, it would severely weaken the contrast and analogy Paul makes with the truly historical person of Christ, and undermine the truth of the Gospel.

Paul makes a similar point in 1 Corinthians in his defence of the physical resurrection of Jesus. “For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead has also come through a human being; for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ.” (1 Cor 15:22). He describes Jesus as being the last Adam, “The first man, Adam, became a living being; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.” (1 Cor 15:45). Again, Paul’s argument would be severely weakened if Adam was merely a legendary figure.

For more information and discussion about Jesus being the Last Adam, see the Last Adam page.

The Fall

In his apostolic defence in 2 Corinthians, Paul pleads with the believers in Corinth not to be led astray by false teaching. In this he makes reference to the fall in the Garden of Eden, “But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by its cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ” (2 Cor 11:3).

In 1 Timothy, Paul gives some instructions about women, including dressing modestly, and women teaching men. This is not the place to discuss the roles of women in this controversial passage, which has a number of difficulties in the way it should be interpreted and applied today. However, in his instructions, Paul refers to the creation of Adam and Eve, and the deception of Eve. “For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor” (1 Tim 2:13-14). Again, in this passage Adam and Eve are considered to be historical figures, and the basis of Paul’s argument.

The serpent is mentioned a couple of times in the Book of Revelation. Interestingly, the identity of the serpent as being the devil and Satan is only revealed here. “The great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world” (Rev 12:9). “He (the angel) seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years” (Rev 20:2). In Genesis it was the serpent who tempted Eve (Gen 3:1). We have to wait to the last book in the Bible for the identity of the serpent to be revealed.

Cain and Abel

In his denunciation of the hypocrisy of the Pharisees Jesus warns of their coming judgement. “Therefore I send you prophets, sages, and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from town to town, so that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar”. (Mt 23:34-35). The same warning is included in the parallel passage in Luke, “so this generation may be charged with the blood of the prophets shed since the foundation of the world, from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary” (Lk 11:50-51). These are the first and last murders of a righteous man recorded in the Hebrew Scriptures. Abel was the first (Gen 4) and Zechariah was the last (2 Chr 24:20-21), the books of Chronicles being the final book in the Hebrew Scriptures. There is some doubt whether this is the Zechariah Jesus refers to, as his father’s name is different in Matthew’s account. However, in this passage, Jesus refers to the murder of Abel by Cain as a historical fact, and the basis of the coming judgement on Jerusalem, fulfilled in AD 70.

Abel is the first person listed as one of the heroes of faith by the writer of the Book of Hebrews. “By faith Abel offered to God a more acceptable sacrifice than Cain’s. Through this he received approval as righteous, God himself giving approval to his gifts; he died, but through his faith he still speaks” (Heb 11:4). Abel’s sacrifice was acceptable to God because it was a blood sacrifice from his flock (Gen 4:3). He must have known and understood that the shedding of blood of an animal was necessary to atone, or cover, for sin. Cain’s sacrifice of the fruit of the ground, presumably vegetables or fruit, was not sufficient to atone for sin, so was rejected by God (Gen 4:5). All the heroes of faith are considered to be historical figures, including Cain and Abel.

In his first letter, John warns his readers not to be like Cain. “We must not be like Cain who was from the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brothers’s righteous" (1 Jn 3:12). This description is a close match with the account in Genesis (4:1-16).

Cain is named by Jude, in his brief letter, attacking false teachers, saying that, “they go the way of Cain” (Jude 11)


Enoch is the second person listed with the heroes of faith, “By faith Enoch was taken so that he did not experience death; and ‘he was not found, because God has taken him’. For it was attested that before he was taken away that ‘he had pleased God’” (Heb 11:5). The author quotes from the account in Genesis, “Enoch walked with God after the birth of Methuselah three hundred years, and had other sons and daughters. Thus all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him” (Gen 5:22-24).

The patriarch Enoch is considered as much an historical figure as all the others in this chapter, including Abraham, Sarah, Moses, Rahab, Gideon and other judges, David, Samuel and the prophets, as well as historical events including the crossing of the Red Sea, and the walls of Jericho. Logically, if people claim that Enoch was merely a non-historical mythical figure, then all the other heroes of faith listed should also not be considered to be historical.

Enoch is also mentioned in the letter of Jude in his attack on the false teachers. “It was also about these that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied ...” (Jude 14). He then gives a quotation from the non-Canonical book of 1 Enoch, which is included among the Jewish Pseudepigrapha. However, Enoch being the seventh generation from Adam matches the genealogy from Genesis chapter 5: Adam (1), Seth (2), Enosh (3), Kenan (4), Mahalalel (5), Jared (6) and Enoch (7). Jude considers all these patriarchs to be historical figures and agrees with the genealogy in Genesis.

The Flood and Noah

Many Bible teachers either claim that the flood was merely a fictitious legend, or that the flood was only a local event, rather than a global catastrophe. However in a number of places through the Bible the great flood, Noah and the building of the ark are referred to as a historical events, including by Jesus himself.

Noah is listed among the three righteous men by Ezekiel, each of whom he considered as genuine historical figures. “... even if Noah, Daniel (or Danel), and Job, these three, were in it, they would save only their own lives by their righteousness, says the Lord God” (Ezek 14:14). These same three are listed again later in the passage (Ezek 14:20). It is unlikely that the second is the prophet Daniel, but rather an otherwise unknown wise person.

When warning of the suddenness and the unknown hour of the second coming, Jesus said this, “For as the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day Noah entered the ark, and they knew nothing until the flood came and swept them all away, so too will be the coming of the Son of Man." (Mt 24:37-39). The parallel passage in Luke’s gospel is given in a different context, but says the same, “Just as it was in the days of Noah, so too it will be in the days of the Son of Man. They were eating and drinking, and marrying and being given in marriage, until the day Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed all of them." (Lk 17:26-27). In Luke’s account, Jesus continues by making a similar parallel with Lot and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, also mentioning Lot’s wife. It would be most doubtful that Jesus would base a comparison of his second coming on a legendary person and event. It appears that Jesus considered that Noah and the flood were genuinely historical. Again we need to be extremely cautious to deny this, and to claim that we now know better.

Also listed with the heroes of faith in the Book of Hebrews is Noah, “By faith, Noah, warned by God about events as yet unseen, respected the warning and built an ark to save his household; by this he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness that is in accordance with faith" (Heb 11:7). As noted above, all the other people praised for their faith were genuinely historical figures.

In a passage about Jesus making a proclamation to the spirits in prison, which is very difficult to understand, Peter mentions Noah as an historical figure “... when God waited patiently in the days of Noah, during the building of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were saved through water” (1 Pet 3:20)

When addressing false teachers in his second letter, Peter gives several examples of judgement in the Book of Genesis, including Noah, Sodom and Gomorrah, and Lot (2 Pet 2:5-8). All three are considered equally historically true. “If he did not spare the ancient world, even though he saved Noah, a herald of righteousness, with seven others, when he brought a flood on a world of the ungodly" (2 Pet 2:5).

In both these passages from Peter, the number of people matches the account in Genesis, “Noah with his sons and his wife and his son’s wives went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood” (Gen 7:7). Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, giving a total of eight people, with himself and the four wives.

Long lives of the patriarchs

When Jacob arrived in Egypt, the Pharaoh asked him, “How many are the years of your life?”. This was Jacob’s reply, “The years of my earthly sojourn are one hundred and thirty; few and hard have been the years of my life. They do not compare with the years of the life of my ancestors during their long sojourn”. (Gen 47:9)

The early patriarchs in Genesis had very long lives, of many hundreds of years. The oldest was Methuselah, who died aged 969 (Gen 5:27). Jacob considered his life of 130 years very short compared with these. Jacob evidently respected these long lives as historical fact, and not fictional. When the lifespans of the patriarchs in the Book of Genesis are compared, there appears to be a dramatic reduction of lifespan following the flood.


The lengthy genealogy that comes through the first chapters of 1 Chronicles begins with Adam, and moves down through the patriarchal generations to Abraham (1 Chr 1:1-27). It then continues without a break through the sons of Jacob, down to David, Solomon and the kings of Judah. There is absolutely no suggestion that the first names in the genealogy are merely legendary. If that were the case, then the question would remain - at what point does legend or myth stop and history begin?

In Luke’s genealogy of Jesus, he traces the ancestry of Jesus back through well-known historical figures such as David, Jesse, Judah, Jacob, Isaac and Abraham, but then continues the genealogy without a break through the patriarchs including Noah, Enoch, Seth and Adam (Lk 3:23-38). He makes no distinction between those from passages following Gen 12, and those from Gen 1-11. There is absolutely no suggestion that people from Abraham onwards are historical and those before Abraham are merely myths and legends. Matthew begins his genealogy of Jesus with Abraham showing the Jesus came as son of Abraham and son of David, and does not trace the ancestry back further than Abraham.

Related articles

How to interpret OT Narratives Introduction to Genesis
Are chapters 1 to 11 of Genesis historical? Long lives of the patriarchs
Chronology of the flood (Gen 7-8)
Table of the Nations (Gen 10) The Tower of Babel (Gen 11)
Names of God in the Old Testament Covenants in the Old Testament

The Bible

Pages which look at issues relevant to the whole Bible, such as the Canon of Scripture, as well as doctrinal and theological issues. There are also pages about the Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha and 'lost books' of the Old Testament.

Also included are lists of the quotations of the OT in the NT, and passages of the OT quoted in the NT.

Why These 66 Books?
Books in the Hebrew Scriptures
Quotations in NT From OT
OT Passages Quoted in NT
History of the English Bible
Twelve Books of the Apocrypha
The Pseudepigrapha - False Writings
Lost Books Referenced in OT

Old Testament Overview

This is a series of six pages which give a historical overview through the Old Testament and the inter-testamental period, showing where each OT book fits into the history of Israel.

OT 1: Creation and Patriarchs
OT 2: Exodus and Wilderness
OT 3: Conquest and Monarchy
OT 4: Divided kingdom and Exile
OT 5: Return from Exile
OT 6: 400 Silent Years

New Testament Overview

This is a series of five pages which give a historical overview through the New Testament, focusing on the Ministry of Jesus, Paul's missionary journeys, and the later first century. Again, it shows where each book of the NT fits into the history of the first century.

NT 1: Life and Ministry of Jesus
NT 2: Birth of the Church
NT 3: Paul's Missionary Journeys
NT 4: Paul's Imprisonment
NT 5: John and Later NT

Introductions to Old Testament Books

This is an almost complete collection of introductions to each of the books in the Old Testament. Each contains information about the authorship, date, historical setting and main themes of the book.

Genesis Exodus Leviticus
Numbers Deuteronomy

Joshua Judges Ruth
1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings Chronicles
Ezra & Nehemiah Esther

Job Psalms Proverbs

Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations
Ezekiel Daniel

Hosea Joel Amos
Obadiah Jonah Micah
Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah
Haggai Zechariah Malachi

Introductions to New Testament Books

This is a collection of introductions to each of the 27 books in the New Testament. Each contains information about the authorship, date, historical setting and main themes of the book.

Matthew's Gospel Mark's Gospel Luke's Gospel
John's Gospel

Book of Acts

Romans 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians
Galatians Ephesians Philippians
Colossians 1 & 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy
2 Timothy Titus Philemon

Hebrews James 1 Peter
2 Peter 1 John 2 & 3 John


Old Testament History

Information about the different nations surrounding Israel, and other articles concerning Old Testament history and the inter-testamental period.

Canaanite Religion
Israel's Enemies During the Conquest
Syria / Aram
The Assyrian Empire
Babylon and its History
The Persian Empire
The Greek Empire
The 400 Silent Years
The Ptolemies and Seleucids
Antiochus IV - Epiphanes

Old Testament Studies

A series of articles covering more general topics for OT studies. These include a list of the people named in the OT and confirmed by archaeology. There are also pages to convert the different units of measure in the OT, such as the talent, cubit and ephah into modern units.

More theological topics include warfare in the ancient world, the Holy Spirit in the OT, and types of Jesus in the OT.

OT People Confirmed by Archaeology
The Jewish Calendar
The Importance of Paradox
Talent Converter (weights)
Cubit Converter (lengths)
OT People Search
Ephah Converter (volumes)
Holy War in the Ancient World
The Holy Spirit in the OT
Types of Jesus in the OT

Studies in the Pentateuch (Gen - Deut)

A series of articles covering studies in the five books of Moses. Studies in the Book of Genesis look at the historical nature of the early chapters of Genesis, the Tower of Babel and the Table of the Nations.

There are also pages about covenants, the sacrifices and offerings, the Jewish festivals and the tabernacle, as well as the issue of tithing.

Are chapters 1-11 of Genesis historical?
Chronology of the Flood
Genealogies of the Patriarchs
Table of the Nations (Gen 10)
Tower of Babel (Gen 11:1-9)

Authorship of the Pentateuch
Chronology of the Wilderness Years
Names of God in the OT
Covenants in the OT
The Ten Commandments
The Tabernacle and its Theology
Sacrifices and Offerings
The Jewish Festivals
Balaam and Balak
Highlights from Deuteronomy
Overview of Deuteronomy

Studies in the Old Testament History Books (Josh - Esther)

Articles containing studies and helpful information for the history books. These include a list of the dates of the kings of Israel and Judah, a summary of the kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and studies of Solomon, Jeroboam and Josiah.

There are also pages describing some of the historical events of the period, including the Syro-Ephraimite War, and the Assyrian invasion of Judah in 701 BC.

Dates of the Kings of Judah and Israel
King Solomon
The Kings of Israel
King Jeroboam I of Israel
The Syro-Ephraimite War (735 BC)
Sennacherib's Invasion of Judah (701 BC)
King Josiah of Judah
Differences Between Kings and Chronicles
Chronology of the post-exilic period

Studies in the Old Testament Prophets (Is - Mal)

Articles containing studies and helpful information for the OT prophets. These include a page looking at the way the prophets look ahead into their future, a page looking at the question of whether Satan is a fallen angel, and a page studying the seventy weeks of Daniel.

There are also a series of pages giving a commentary through the text of two of the books:
Isaiah (13 pages) and Daniel (10 pages).

Prophets and the Future
The Call of Jeremiah (Jer 1)
The Fall of Satan? (Is 14, Ezek 28)
Daniel Commentary (10 pages)
Isaiah Commentary (13 pages)
Formation of the Book of Jeremiah

Daniel's Seventy Weeks (Dan 9:24-27)

New Testament Studies

A series of articles covering more general topics for NT studies. These include a list of the people in the NT confirmed by archaeology.

More theological topics include the Kingdom of God and the Coming of Christ.

NT People Confirmed by Archaeology
The Kingdom of God / Heaven
Parousia (Coming of Christ)
The Importance of Paradox

Studies in the Four Gospels (Matt - John)

A series of articles covering various studies in the four gospels. These include a list of the unique passages in each of the Synoptic Gospels and helpful information about the parables and how to interpret them.

Some articles look at the life and ministry of Jesus, including his genealogy, birth narratives, transfiguration, the triumphal entry into Jerusalem, and the seating arrangements at the Last Supper.

More theological topics include the teaching about the Holy Spirit as the Paraclete and whether John the Baptist fulfilled the predictions of the coming of Elijah.

Unique Passages in the Synoptic Gospels
The SynopticProblem
Genealogy of Jesus (Matt 1)
Birth Narratives of Jesus
Understanding the Parables
Peter's Confession and the Transfiguration
Was John the Baptist Elijah?
The Triumphal Entry
The Olivet Discourse (Mark 13)
Important themes in John's Gospel
John's Gospel Prologue (John 1)
Jesus Fulfilling Jewish Festivals
Reclining at Table at the Last Supper
The Holy Spirit as the Paraclete

Studies in the Book of Acts and the New Testament Letters

A series of articles covering various studies in the Book of Acts and the Letters, including Paul's letters. These include a page studying the messages given by the apostles in the Book of Acts, and the information about the financial collection that Paul made during his third missionary journey. More theological topics include Paul's teaching on Jesus as the last Adam, and descriptions of the church such as the body of Christ and the temple, as well as a look at redemption and the issue of fallen angels.

There are a series of pages giving a commentary through the text of five of the books:
Romans (7 pages), 1 Corinthians (7 pages), Galatians (3 pages), Philemon (1 page) and Hebrews (7 pages)

Apostolic Messages in the Book of Acts
Paul and His Apostleship
Collection for the Saints
The Church Described as a Temple
Church as the Body of Christ
Jesus as the Last Adam
Food Offered to Idols
Paul's Teaching on Headcoverings
Who are the Fallen Angels
The Meaning of Redemption
What is the Church?
Paul and the Greek Games

Romans Commentary (7 pages)

1 Corinthians Commentary (7 pages)

Galatians Commentary (3 pages)

Philemon Commentary (1 page)

Hebrews Commentary (7 pages)

Studies in the Book of Revelation

Articles containing studies and helpful information for the study of the Book of Revelation and topics concerning Eschatology (the study of end-times).

These include a description of the structure of the book, a comparison and contrast between the good and evil characters in the book and a list of the many allusions to the OT. For the seven churches, there is a page which gives links to their location on Google maps.

There is a page studying the important theme of Jesus as the Lamb, which forms the central theological truth of the book. There are pages looking at the major views of the Millennium, as well as the rapture and tribulation, as well as a list of dates of the second coming that have been mistakenly predicted through history.

There is also a series of ten pages giving a detailed commentry through the text of the Book of Revelation.

Introduction to the Book of Revelation
Characters Introduced in the Book
Structure of Revelation
List of Allusions to OT
The Description of Jesus as the Lamb
Virtual Seven Churches of Revelation
The Nero Redivius Myth
The Millennium (1000 years)
The Rapture and the Tribulation
Different Approaches to Revelation
Predicted Dates of the Second Coming

Revelation Commentary (10 pages)

How to do Inductive Bible Study

These are a series of pages giving practical help showing how to study the Bible inductively, by asking a series of simple questions. There are lists of observation and interpretation questions, as well as information about the structure and historical background of biblical books, as well as a list of the different types of figures of speech used in the Bible. There is also a page giving helpful tips on how to apply the Scriptures personally.

How to Study the Bible Inductively
I. The Inductive Study Method
II. Observation Questions
III. Interpretation Questions
IV. Structure of Books
V. Determining the Historical background
VI. Identifying Figures of Speech
VII. Personal Application
VIII. Text Layout

Types of Literature in the Bible

These are a series of pages giving practical help showing how to study each of the different types of book in the Bible by appreciating the type of literature being used. These include historical narrative, law, wisdom, prophets, Gospels, Acts, letters and Revelation.

It is most important that when reading the Bible we are taking note of the type of literature we are reading. Each type needs to be considered and interpreted differently as they have different purposes.

How to Understand OT Narratives
How to Understand OT Law
Hebrew Poetry
OT Wisdom Literature
Understanding the OT Prophets
The Four Gospels
The Parables of Jesus
The Book of Acts
How to Understand the NT Letters
Studying End Times (Eschatology)
The Book of Revelation

Geography and Archaeology

These are a series of pages giving geographical and archaeological information relevant to the study of the Bible. There is a page where you can search for a particular geographical location and locate it on Google maps, as well as viewing photographs on other sites.

There are also pages with photographs from Ephesus and Corinth.

Search for Geographical Locations
Major Archaeological Sites in Israel
Archaeological Sites in Assyria, Babylon and Persia
Virtual Paul's Missionary Journeys
Virtual Seven Churches of Revelation
Photos of the City of Corinth
Photos of the City of Ephesus

Biblical Archaeology in Museums around the world

A page with a facility to search for artifacts held in museums around the world which have a connection with the Bible. These give information about each artifact, as well as links to the museum's collection website where available showing high resolution photographs of the artifact.

There is also page of photographs from the Israel Museum in Jerusalem of important artifacts.

Search Museums for Biblical Archaeology
Israel Museum Photos

Difficult Theological and Ethical Questions

These are a series of pages looking at some of the more difficult questions of Christian theology, including war, suffering, disappointment and what happens to those who have never heard the Gospel.

Christian Ethics
Never Heard the Gospel
Is there Ever a Just War?
Why Does God Allow Suffering
Handling Disappointment

How to Preach

These are a series of pages giving a practical step-by-step explanation of the process of preparing a message for preaching, and how to lead a small group Bible study.

What is Preaching?
I. Two Approaches to Preaching
II. Study a Passage for Preaching
III. Creating a Message Outline
IV. Making Preaching Relevant
V. Presentation and Public Speaking
VI. Preaching Feedback and Critique
Leading a Small Group Bible Study

Information for SBS staff members

Two pages particularly relevant for people serving as staff on the School of Biblical Studies (SBS) in YWAM. One gives helpful instruction about how to prepare to teach on a book in the SBS. The other gives a list of recommended topics which can be taught about for each book of the Bible.

Teaching on SBS Book Topics for SBS